Dogs are notorious for eating anything and everything they can get into.
From stealing an entire chicken, to munching on socks, I’ve heard it all.
For a big city dog, Toronto dog wellness is important to keeping your dog happy and healthy – and that starts with a balanced diet.
Foods Your Dog Should Never Eat
We looked at foods to keep away from your dog last month, however seeing as how some dogs will eat nearly anything, we felt it was important to continue to examine foods which your dog should steer clear of.
Keep reading to learn about what foods to stay away from.
Garlic can cause gastrointestinal upset in dogs, and result in symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and dehydration.
Although it would take a lot of garlic for your dog to become really sick, it’s best just to avoid it altogether – also, some dogs are more sensitive to it than others and a toxic dose spread over a few days’ time can be just as problematic as having it all at once.
Onions in all forms – powdered, raw, cooked, and dehydrated can be dangerous for your pup.
They damage and kill red blood cells, resulting in anemia.
If you think your dog has gotten into the onions, watch for signs such as weakness, vomiting, and breathing problems.
Avocado contains a substance called persin, which can lead to vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.
Persin is found in the leaves, seeds, bark, and the fruit itself – so not only should you avoid feeding your dog a taste of your guacamole, but if you grow the plants themselves it should be kept away from your dog.
Additionally, the avocado pit can become lodged in the stomach or small intestine, which may require an internal medicine veterinarian, and complications from this can be fatal.
The fact that chocolate is bad for dogs is fairly common knowledge.
However many people assume the reason for this is the caffeine, or possibly the dairy.
And while neither of these substances are good for dogs, the big reason why it is not good is a substance called theobromine.
Theobromine is most concentrated in dark chocolate, and unsweetened chocolate usually used in baking.
It can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, heart issues, tremors, seizures, and death.
5. Raw Eggs
Feeding dogs a “raw diet”, which includes uncooked eggs is becoming more and more popular lately.
However feeding raw eggs to your dog is a bad idea for the same reason you personally should avoid raw eggs – there is a risk of food poisoning from bacteria such as salmonella, or E. coli.
6. Raw Meat
Another component of the “raw diet” is uncooked meat.
As with eggs, this carries a risk for bacteria which can lead to food poisoning.
Additionally, raw fish such as salmon, trout, and sturgeon can carry a parasite which can result in “fish disease”.
Watch for signs such as vomiting and inflamed lymph nodes.
As much as your dog might beg for a bite of your pretzels or chips, it’s important to ensure they don’t get too much salt.
Excessive salt consumption can make them thirsty and lead to sodium ion poisoning.
Symptoms to watch for include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, high temperature, and seizures.
In severe cases it can also lead to death.
Grapes – and their shriveled counterparts, raisins – can lead to kidney failure for your dog.
Even a small amount can make them very sick.
Symptoms to watch for include vomiting, sluggishness, and depression.
In general, nuts are not good for dogs, due to their high fat content which can lead to stomach upset.
Black walnuts in particular are toxic to dogs, and if you have a walnut tree nearby it’s best to stay away from it.
Ingesting walnuts can lead to tremors and seizures.
10. Dairy Products
Out for a walk on a hot day, and tempted to get some ice cream?
Perhaps even share some ice cream with your dog?
You may want to reconsider this, as milk-based products can cause diarrhea and digestive upset in dogs.
They can also act as a trigger for food allergies, which can lead to itchiness.
What To Do If Your Dog Eats Something Toxic
So you’ve read our lists of what to keep your dog away from.
You’ve attempted to “dog-proof” your kitchen.
But your dog is sneaky and smart – and while most of the time you brag about how smart your dog is, this time she’s gotten into something she shouldn’t eat.
Be sure to always keep your vet’s phone number, as well as the number of your local emergency vet on-hand for these types of emergencies.
The ASPCA also has an Animal Poison Control Center which can be reached at (888) 426-4435.
If you suspect your dog has ingested harmful foods, or they are showing adverse symptoms be sure to contact your vet immediately.
Bickford Park Animal Hospital is a veterinary clinic in Toronto, located across from Christie Pits park, committed to the highest level of caring and treatment for cats and dogs.