The worst thing in the world is for your beloved pet to come up to you ready for nose-buts, and have their breath take you away.
Hanging out with your pet doesn’t have to be a toxic experience; a little veterinary dentistry and you’ll be wanting to snuggle your furry friend again in no time.
Diagnosing Bad Breath In Cats
There are a few factors that can cause bad breath in cats – halitosis can be a sign of illness, but in some cases it can also be avoided.
Read below for more information.
1. Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the teeth, around the gum line.
It can cause an infection in the bone surrounding the teeth, if left to harden into tartar.
Most veterinarians will sedate your pet so that they can do a proper cleaning, as well as possibly take x-rays and extract any diseased teeth.
The best way to avoid this is to brush your cat’s teeth regularly, and ideally using feline toothpaste.
Many cats will resist having their teeth brushed, so you may have to work up to it slowly.
2. Oral Cancer
Cats who develop oral cancer will often have tumors that get infected and cause dreadful halitosis.
Unfortunately, it’s one of the most common ways vets diagnose cancer of the mouth, which means the cancer is farther along.
With a poor prognosis, cats will typically only live another two to six months once diagnosed.
Cats can also get diabetes, which vets will treat with insulin, just as doctors treat humans.
Diabetes is characterized by losing weight even though they seem ravenous, or possibly urinating more often than usual while also drinking more water than normal.
However, the breath is a dead giveaway for diagnosing diabetes – because it will smell sweet and fruity.
4. Lymphocytic Plasmacytic Stomatitis
Lymphatic plasmacytic stomatitis is an inflammation of the mouth, causing swelling, bleeding gums, serious pain when your cat opens their mouth, and also that nasty odour.
This issue can be solved by doing a thorough cleaning, and likely removing some teeth; in severe cases, your cat may also need antibiotics.
5. Kidney Disease
Kidney disease will often create bad breath that smells like urine or ammonia.
If your kitten urinates frequently or in larger volume; if they drink more than usual; if they are lethargic or lose weight; these are all signs of kidney disease.
The odour is a result of toxins building up, and is easily tested with a urinalysis and blood test.
You can manage your pet’s kidney disease with a modified diet, proper hydration and possibly medication for anemia or high blood pressure.
6. Liver Disease
If you smell bad breath and notice your cat’s eyes, ears or gums have yellowed, then there’s a good chance your fur baby has liver disease.
When you take them to the veterinarian, they’ll also want to know if your cat has been lethargic, eating poorly, experiencing vomiting or diarrhea, or drinking and urinating more frequently than usual.
Your vet will recommend a course of treatment depending on the severity and condition of the case.
Contact Bickford Park Animal Hospital
Sometimes bad breath is simply due to a piece of residual tuna stuck between their teeth, but very often it can be the indication of something more serious.
If your cat has fetid breath, consider having them properly looked at by a veterinarian.
Contact Bickford Park Animal Hospital, and let us help you and your feline friend.
Bickford Park Animal Hospital is a veterinary clinic in Toronto, located across from Christie Pits park, committed to the highest level of caring and treatment for cats and dogs.